Wrestling is probably one of the oldest sports having been included in the ancient Olympic Games as far back as 708BC.
When the Olympics recommenced in the Modern era, Olympics was included in the first Games in Athens.
There are two disciplines of Wrestling on the Olympic Programme; In Greco-Roman style, it is forbidden to hold the opponent below the belt, to make trips, and to actively use the legs in the execution of any action. Recent rule changes in Greco-Roman increase opportunities for and place greater emphasis on explosive, ‘high amplitude’ throws. Pinning one’s opponent to the mat is one way of winning.
Freestyle wrestling is an international discipline and an Olympic sport, for both men and women. This style allows the use of the wrestler’s or his opponent’s legs in offense and defence. Freestyle wrestling has its origins in catch-as-catch-can wrestling and the prime victory condition in this style involves the wrestler winning by throwing and pinning his opponent on the mat.
National Federation: Wrestling Ireland
International Federation: United World Wrestling