Equestrian

Equestrianism made its Olympic debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France.

It disappeared until 1912, but has appeared at every Summer Olympic Games since. The current Olympic equestrian disciplines are Dressage, Eventing, and Jumping. In each discipline, both individual and team medals are awarded. It is one of the sports on the programme where women and men compete together on equal terms.

Dressage is a highly skilled form of riding performed competition.  As an equestrian sport defined by the International Equestrian Federation, dressage is described as "the highest expression of horse training" where "horse and rider are expected to perform from memory a series of predetermined movements.

Jumping held over a course of obstacles, including verticals, spreads, and double and triple combinations, usually with many turns and changes of direction. The intent is to jump cleanly over a set course within an allotted time. Time faults are assessed for exceeding the time allowance. Jumping faults are incurred for knockdowns and blatant disobedience, such as refusals (when the horse stops before a fence or "runs out").

Eventing is an event where a single horse and rider combine and compete against other competitors across the three disciplines of dressage, cross-country, and show jumping. This event has its roots in a comprehensive cavalry test that required mastery of several types of riding. The competition is run over four days, with dressage on the first two days, followed by cross-country the next day and then show jumping in reverse order on the final day.

National Federation: Horse Sport Ireland

International Federation: Fédération Équestre Internationale

Equestrian News

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