Golf consists of striking a ball into a series of holes using a selection of clubs and counting the number of strokes it takes to do so.
An official sport at the Paris 1900 and St. Louis 1904 Games, golf then vanished from the programme until it returned at Rio 2016.
There are two main tournament formats: match play, in which two golfers compete against each other hole-by-hole; and stroke play, in which the total number of shots taken is counted. Stroke play is used at the Games, with athletes playing four rounds of 18 holes over four days, giving a total of 72 holes. 60 men and 60 women participate, based on the world rankings as compiled by the International Golf Federation.
Ireland’s best known Male Golfers are Rory McIlroy, Shane Lowry and Padraig Harrington (who represented Ireland at the Rio Olympic Games), while in the Women’s Game Stephanie Meadow and Leona Maguire lead the pack.
In Ireland, the Men’s game is administered by the Golf Union of Ireland and the Irish Ladies Golf Union.
National Federation: Golf Union of Ireland
International Federation: International Golf Federation